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(5) Letter No. PCB/TAC/E&F/218/06 dated 6-5-2011 from the Chairman, Kerala State Pollution Control Board. (6) Minutes of the meeting held on 17-11-2011 on setting up of e-wastes management facilities in Kerala. (7) Minutes of the discussion held on 17-02-2012 by Principal Secretary (Environment) regarding environmental activities to be overseen and regulated by LSGIs. ORDER The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India has notified the e-wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, which came into effect from 1-5-2012. As per Section 3 thereof, the definition for Electrical and Electronic Equipment is 'equipment which is dependent on electric currents or electro-magnetic fields to be fully functional and the definition for 'e-waste is waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded. Also in sub-rule (1) of rule 13 it is specified that "Every producer of electrical and electronic equipment listed in Schedule I shall ensure that, new electrical and electronic equipment does not contain Lead, Mercury, Cadmium, Hexavalent Chromium, polybrominated biphenyls or polybrominated diphenyl ethers: Provided that a maximum concentration value of 0.1% by weight in homogenous materials for lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyls ethers and of 0.01% by weight in homogenous materials for cadmium shall be permitted. In sub-rule (3) of rule 13 it is specified that the sub-rule (1) of rule 13 shall not apply to components of electrical and electronic equipment manufactured or placed in the market six years before the date of Commencement of these rules. These rules areapplicable to the electrical and electronic equipment specified in schedule I. The applications listed in schedule II shall be exempted from provisions of sub-rule (1) of rule 13. This does not mean that schedule II is exempted from e-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011. Putting the onus of re-cycling of electronics wastes (e-wastes) on the producers, the rules make the e-waste producers liable for recycling and reducing e-waste in the Country. The rules Cover discarded IT and telecoms equipment and Consumer electrical goods and encompass the concept of Extended Producers Responsibility or the 'Polluter Pays Principle which as applicable in relation of e-wastes, makes the producers to take responsibility for the disposal of end-of-life products. Personal Computer manufacturers, mobile handset makers and the white goods makers will be required to come up with e-waste collection centers or introduce "take back systems. These rules will apply to every producer, and bulk consumer involved in manufacture, sales, purchase and processing of electronic equipment or components. (2) According to the 2011 Census around 32.6% of the households in Kerala have both landline and mobilephone Connectivity, while the national average is only 11.7%. Kerala has 20.4% computer connectivity, as against national average of 18.7%. e-wastes are fast becoming a major solid waste stream in the State. Among them CompactFluorescent Lamps (CFL) and Fluorescent Tube Lights (FTL) engage special attention and disposal tactics due to the mercury Contained in them. The following types of wastes are generated from the fluorescent lamp sector: (i) Glass Waste (with and without mercury) (ii) Waste phosphor powder (iii) Waste mercury(in liquid and vapour phase) (iv) Waste electronic and plastic components. Compact fluorescent Lamps (CFL) and Fluorescent Tube Lights (FTL) due to its mercury Content pose health risk if handled Carelessly, as mercury may enter living systems causing irreversible damages and may even prove to be fatal. The CPCB guidelines specify that the waste generated at the manufacturers end shall be stored and treated/recycled either in a recycling unit at the production site or any authorized Lamp Recycling Unit and all hazardous waste thereof shall be sent to Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) set up asper the Hazardous Wastes (Management and Transboundary) Rules, 2008. Mercury emissions are strictly Controlled during the manufacturing stage of CFL & FTL and stringent measures should be followed by units at the time of disposal of hazardous wastes Containing mercury. At present fused CFLS/FTLs are posing a difficult situation to manage by local bodies since it is being dumped into municipal solid waste

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