In exercise of the powers conferred by the sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 38 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960), the Central Government hereby makes
the following rules, namely:-
1. Short title and commencement.- (1) These rules may be called the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001.
(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
2. Definition.- In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) "Act" means the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960);
(b) "Animal Welfare Organisation" means and includes the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and any other welfare organisation for animals which is registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860 (21 of 1860) or any other corresponding law for the time being in force and which is recognised by the Animal Welfare Board of India;
(c) "Board" means the Animal Welfare Board of India, established under section 4 and as reconstituted under section 5A of the Act;
(d) "Committee" means a committee appointed under these rules;
(e) "Local Authority" means a municipal committee, district board or other authority for the time being invested by law with the control and administration of any matters within a specified local area;
(f) "owner" means the owner of an animal and includes any other person in possession or custody of such animal whether with or without the consent of the owner;
(g) "Veterinary doctor" means a person who holds a degree of a recognised veterinary college and is registered with the Indian Veterinary Council.
3. Classification of dogs and their sterilisation.- (1) All dogs shall be classified in one of the following two categories (i) pet dogs, (ii) street dogs.
(2) The owner of pet dogs shall be responsible for the controlled breeding, immunisation, sterilisation and licensing in accordance with these rules and the law for the time being in force within a specified local area.
(3) The street dogs shall be sterilised and immunised by participation of Animal Welfare Organisations, private individuals and the local authority.
4. Formation of Committee.- A monitoring Committee consisting of the following persons shall be constituted by the local authority (for a period of three years), namely-
(a) Commissioner/Chief of the local authority, who shall be the ex-officio Chairman of the Committee;
(b) a representative of the Public Health Department of the local authority;
(c) a representative of the Animal Welfare Department if any of the local authority;
(d) a veterinary doctor;