36. Pollution of water-courses prohibited.—
No person shall, save as may be generally or specially prescribed
(1) put, or cause to be put, or cause to fall or flow or be carried, or knowingly, permit to be put or to fall or flow or be carried, into any water-course
(a) any solid or liquid sewage matter, or
(b) any poisonous, noxious or polluting liquid proceeding from any manufactory or manufacturing process, or
(2) put, or cause to be put, or cause to fall or be carried, or knowingly permit to be put or to fall or be carried, into any water-course, so as, either singly or in combination with other similar acts of the same or any other person to interfere with the due flow of such water-course, or to pollute the water therein, the solid refuse of any manufacturer, manufacturing process or quarry, or any rubbish or cinders, or any other waste or putrid solid matter, or
(3) commit nuisance in or in the neighborhood of any water-course.
Every local authority shall provide and maintain in proper and convenient places a sufficient number of sanitary conveniences for the use of the public and cause all such places to be kept in proper order so as not to be a nuisance or injurious to health.
38. New houses to be provided with sanitary conveniences.—
If in any local area any building intended for human habitation is constructed or is re-constructed after being pulled down to or below the ground floor, the owner thereof shall provide such sanitary conveniences and in such positions as the Health Officer may, by notice, require.
39. Additional sanitary conveniences.—
(1) If any building intended for human habitation, is without any sanitary convenience or if, in the opinion of the Health Officer, the sanitary convenience or conveniences provided therein are insufficient, having regard to the number of persons occupying the building, or are inefficient, or are objectionable on sanitary grounds, he may, by notice in writing require the owner of such building
(a) to provide such sanitary conveniences or such additional sanitary conveniences and in such positions, as may be specified in the notice; or
(b) to make such structural or other alterations as may be specified in the notice.
(2) Every owner of the ground on which a group of six or more huts stands shall provide such latrine accommodation, in such positions, and within such time as the Health Officer may, by notice, require, for the use of the inhabitants of such group of huts.
40. Mode of construction of latrines.—
(1) All latrines shall (a) be so constructed as to screen persons using the same and the filth from the view of persons passing by or residing in the neighbourhood; and
(b) be maintained, repaired, altered and used in accordance with the rules and bye-laws made under this Act.
(2) If any latrine opening on any street, whether such latrine be erected before or after the commencement of this Act, is so placed or constructed as to be a nuisance or offensive to public decency, the Health Officer may, by notice in writing, require the owner to remove it or to carry out such improvements therein and within such time as may be specified in the notice.
(3) When any latrine is used in common by the occupiers of two or more premises or by the members of two or more families, no person shall injure or improperly foul any such latrine or anything used in connection therewith.
Abatement of Nuisances
41. Certain things to be nuisances-
Without prejudice to generality of the definition